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 Sirat Rasoul Allah

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15- Banu Nadir

Shortly after this the Jews of the Banu al‑Nadir plotted to murder the apostle of Allah himself, but Allah sent down a warning to the apostle. He issued orders to prepare an expedition against the Jews, and marched out and besieged them for six nights, during which time Allah sent down the prohibition against the drinking of wine.

Meanwhile, certain persons of Medina who were not Believers sent a message to the Banu al‑Nadir, saying, ‘Hold out, and defend yourselves; we shall not surrender you to Muhammad. If you are attacked we shall fight with you and if you are sent away we shall go with you.’ But they were in truth unwilling to fight on behalf of the al‑Nadir, for Allah had filled their hearts with terror. Then the Jewish tribe asked that the apostle of Allah should not shed their blood, but permit them to carry away as much of their property as their camels could bear. He consented and they loaded as many of their possessions as they could on their camels, even demolishing their houses that they might take away the thresholds. Then they left, with their wives, children, and household goods, and accompanied by their drums, flutes and singers. The rest they left to the apostle of Allah.

When the Jews had departed Muhammad went on an ex­pedition to punish the people of Najd , who had slain all but two of the forty men he had sent to instruct the people in Islam. The parties approached each other, but no battle took place, for they were afraid of each other, and the apostle marched his men away again.

In the fourth year of the Hijra the apostle marched to Badr as he had agreed with Abu Sufyan after the battle of Uhud, and waited there eight days. Abu Sufyan marched out from Mecca with his army as far as Majanna; then he said to his people, ‘This is not meet for you, save in a year of plenty when there are shrubs where the cattle may browse and milk for the men to drink. This year is one of scarcity and I shall return home. Do you likewise.’ So the Quraysh army returned to Mecca and were nicknamed by the people who had stayed at home ‘the Sawiq army’ ‑ the army that went out only to drink porridge. So Muhammad waited in vain at Badr and then returned to Medina .

For some months after’the Second Badr’, Muhammad was occupied in small punitive and foraging expeditions, during one of which he ventured as far as the borders of Syria .

His personal life at this time was not without incident. Since the death of Khadija, he had acquired seven wives, foremost among whom was the daughter of Abu Bakr, Aisha. She had been married to the apostle at the age of ten, and was still only sixteen years old when, quite innocently, she provoked a scandal at Medina .  

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