Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakariya ar-Razi (841-926)
another great physician wrote more than 200 books of which one half of
them are about medicine and rest in physics, mathematics and astronomy.
Like Ibn Sina, Ar-Razi’s works had set milestones in medical science.
The most controversial book “On Prophecy” has not survived for
an obvious reason. Most likely embarrassed Muslims could not swallow the
contents that humiliated the prophet of Islam. Somehow, a part of his
second book slipped through the hand of ignorant. Ar-Razi quipped -"These
billy goats (Prophets) pretend to come with a message from God, all the
while exhausting themselves in spouting their lies,
and imposing on the masses blind obedience to the "words of the
Muslims are still proud of Ar-Razi!!!!
Abu 'L-ala Ahmad b. Abdallah al-Ma'arri (973-1057)
also known as the Eastern Lucretius was famous for poetry and grammar. He
was born in
but traveled many places until he became blind. He lived in
for only eighteen months but within this short time he made a name for
himself as a poet. After returning from
, he lived in his hometown Marra for another fifty years. Because of his
fame, students from distant places went to Al-Marri to learn from him.
Like Ibn Sina, al-Marri did not believe in resurrection and strongly
condemned religious beliefs. One of his poems says it all….
(Muslims) are stumbling, Christians all astray
Jews wildered, Magians far on error's way.
We mortals are composed of two great schools:
Enlightened knaves or else religious fools....."
Abu Raihan Mohammed Ibn Ahmad Al-Biruni
was multitalented; he contributed in physics, metaphysics, mathematics,
geography and history. His famous book Kitab al-Hind gives a vivid account
of the historical and social conditions of Indian sub-continent. Al-Biruni's
were in the line of Ptolemy. In mathematics, he dealt with algebraic
definitions, Trigonometry, and Archimedes’ theorems. Archimedes
gave birth to the calculus of the ‘infinite conceived’, Al-Biruni
nurtured this concept and finally perfected by Kepler,
religion he was a Shi'ite Muslim, but with agnostic tendencies.”
- Encyclopedia Britannica 2000.
al-Khayyam (1048-1131 AD)
Khayyam is best known for his Rubaiyats or poems but he was an outstanding
mathematician and astronomer. He also wrote a book of music, an un-Islamic
act that may throw him in a burning hell. His calculation of
365.24219858156 days making a year is so close to accurate that modern
scientists respectfully remember his name. Omar Khayyam also found a
geometric solution of cubic equations.
strictly prohibits Martini and bikini. According to Quran, Muslim women
are not allowed to reveal their beauty and drinking wine gives you a
one-way ticket to hell. But Omar Khayyam was an admirer of beauty and
“Drinking wine is my travail
Till my body is dead and stale
At my grave site all shall hail
Odor of wine shall prevail.”
Another piece of gem……
“Heaven is incomplete without a heavenly romance
Let a glass of wine be my present circumstance
Take what is here now, let go of
a promised chance
A drumbeat is best heard from a distance.”
This guy is my hero. Check out the last two lines, he is encouraging to
enjoy the earthly life and discard the idea of promised hereafter. Mullahs
and suicide bombers may learn a thing or two from Omar Khayyam’s rubayat.
In 17th century, another great thinker Voltaire, oscillated
between optimism and pessimism but Omar Khayyam was the master of
optimism. He was surrounded by Islam, a hopeless doctrine that promotes
hatred, destruction and murder, yet Omar Khayyam found the meaning of a
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