Allah is Anthropomorphic (i)
is for real.
Muslims often think of their God, Allah, to
be someone who is omnipresent, omnipotent, shapeless, infallible,
ever‑awake and rules the world through His absolute commandments as
enshrined in the holy Qur’an. According to many Islamist apologists,
none could comprehend the nature and extent of Allah, the Islamic God.
Many of these erudite scholars write prolix essays filled with Islamic
drivels. They will write, extolling various features of the invisible,
vacuous, incomprehensible and impenetrable Allah. Imbued with utmost
devotion to Allah, many Muslims, five times a day, will seek bounty and
forgiveness from Him. What do you think this means? Obviously, there is
some kind of contradiction here. On one hand, during conversing loosely,
they will portray the concept of Allah as someone who is unreal and
ephemeral, while during prayer they will consider Allah to be like a real
entity who has eyes to see, ears to hear and has the physical means to
deliver to the faithful all their requests. So, what is the correct
situation—a non-physical, unreal, unseen, ephemeral Allah or a real,
temporal, physical deity? Believe it or not: when we search the Islam’s
main sources: the Qur’an, Hadith, Sirah (Muhammad’s biography) and
Sharia, we invariably derive one simple conclusion—that Allah, truly is
for real, that He, Himself had written the Qur’an with His own hands and
that He, truly metes out justice and bounties with His own hands.
To begin with, an impeccable Islamic scholar, Ali Dashti contends that
most Islamic scholars believe that just like human beings Allah has limbs and organs (68:42).This
means: Allah is anthropomorphic!—with real hands, eyes, ears, legs, feet
and body! Quoting from an immaculate Islamic source (Abu ‘Amer), Ali
Dashti says that according to real Islam Allah has limbs and organs like a
human being. Abu ‘Amer uses verse 68:42 to describe the true nature of
Allah. Here is what Dashti writes:
Abu ‘Amer ol–Qorashi, a Moor from Majorca who died at Baghdad in
524/1130, declared that it was heretical to understand the sentence
“There is nothing similar to Him” in verse 9 of sura
42(osh–Showra) (this is verse 42:11in the Qur’an translation of
Yusuf Ali—author’s note) as meaning what it says; it meant, in his
opinion, that nothing resembles God in respect of His divinity, because
“God possesses limbs and organs like yours and mine.” As proof of
God’s possession of such limbs and organs, Abu ‘Amer ol-Qorashi cited
the description of the last judgement in verse 42 of sura
“On the day when the leg will be bared and they will he bidden to kneel
but cannot,” and then slapped his thigh and said, “God has legs just
like mine.” (Dashti,
That’s right. Allah has limbs and organs just
like us—the human beings, which He had created with His own hands. Here
are those two verses which confirm that Allah is truly anthropomorphic.
YUSUFALI: (He is) the Creator of the heavens and the
earth: He has made for you pairs from among yourselves, and pairs among
cattle: by this means does He multiply you: there is nothing whatever like
unto Him, and He is the One that hears and sees (all things).
YUSUFALI: The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and
they shall be summoned to bow in adoration, but they shall not be able,-
Ali Dashti continues:
Allah is anthropomorphic! According to Ghazali,
Mutazillites were infidels and heretics. Allah will step down from His
throne—said Ghazali.(Dashti, 1994, p. 157).
Sourcing Imam Ahmad b.
Taymiya, one of the highest among the Islamic scholars, Dashti further
writes that he (Ibn Taymiya) repudiated Ghazali (the most celebrated
Islamic scholar—many Muslims consider Ghazali’s work as next to the
Qur’an) who did not have a clear idea about Allah—believing that Allah
is not a physical entity. Ibn Taymiya even called Ghazali a heretic. Ibn
Taymiya strongly believed that Allah is really anthropomorphic! He will
step down from His throne! Dashti writes:
however, have had rigid minds. Such men only accepted interpretations
which are confirmed by Hadiths, and they considered any use of reason in
religious matters to be misleading and impermissible. They took the above
quoted Qur’anic phrases literally and believed that God possesses a
head, mouth, eyes, ears, hands, and feet just like those of human being.
In the opinion of Abu Ma’mar al–Hodhali (d. 236/850), a preacher in
, anyone who denied this belief was an infidel. Adherents of the school of
the famous traditionist and lawyer Ahmad b. Hanbal (164/780–241/855)
have stuck to the same unthinking literalism ever since. The school’s
chief later exponent, Ahmad b. Taymiya, was so fanatical that he called
the Mo’tazelites infidels and Ghazali a heretic; on one celebrated
occasion, after quoting the Qor’an in a sermon, he said to the
congregation as he stepped down from the pulpit of the Great Mosque at
Damascus, “God will step down from His throne in the same way as I am
stepping down from this pulpit.” .(Dashti, 1994, p. 157)
Dashti also writes that Muslim scholars agree that the Qur’an is not a
miracle. Al-Maari wrote an imitation of the Qur’an. He writes:
It is widely held that the blind Syrian poet Abu’l‑‘
ol‑Maari (368/979–450/1058) wrote his Ketab
ol‑fusul wa’‑ghayat, of which a part survives, an
imitation of the Qor’an (Dashti, 1994, p. 48)..
is another proof that Allah is for real and possesses human qualities
Enoch walked with Allah 19:56-57, 21:85-86 (Tabari, 1988, p. 6.42).
Allah walks with human beings (in
, of course)—this is impossible to believe. But look what the Qur’an
YUSUFALI: Also mention in the Book the case of Idris: He
was a man of truth (and sincerity), (and) a prophet:
YUSUFALI: And We raised him to a lofty station.
In foot note 55 of volume
vi of Tabari we read:
mentioned in the Qur’an as “raised to high station “ by God (19:56f,
He is usually identified with the Biblical Enoch (Akhnukh) who “walked
with God, and he was not, for God took Hi” (genesis 5:24).” (Tabari, 1988, p. 6.42).
This means Allah surely
has feet, just like humans, to be able to walk with a human being such as
Prophet Enoch (Idris).
Further evidence that Islamic God, Allah is a living entity, alive and
going about His daily business, like other creatures is glimpsed from a
hadith. In Sahih Bukhari we
People used to worship
Muhammad till he died, Abu Bakr then claimed that Muhammad was dead but if
people worshipped Allah then Allah is alive…(Sahih Bukhari, 5.59.733)
5, Book 59, Number 733:
Abu Bakr came
from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the
Mosque, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon 'Aisha and
went straight to Allah's Apostle who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a
kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet's face and bowed
over him and kissed him and wept, saying, "Let my father and mother
be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice.
As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you."
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Abu Bakr went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab was talking to the people. Abu
Bakr said, "Sit down, O 'Umar!" But 'Umar refused to sit down.
So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr said, "To
proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad , then Muhammad is
dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive
and shall never die. Allah said:--"Muhammad is no more than an
Apostle, and indeed (many) apostles have passed away before him..(till the
end of the Verse)......Allah will reward to those who are thankful."
(3.144) By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had
revealed this Verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and all the people
received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).
Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told me that 'Umar said, "By Allah,
when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell
down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the
Prophet had died."
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