History of killings of Hindus in India by Islam
(NOTE: These quotations are from the book “Gujarat Riots: The True Story” By M D Deshpande, Partridge Publishers. It has been reproduced here with prior permission. Reproducing elsewhere without permission will be violation of copyright.)
Many Muslims genuinely believe that Islam spread in India (and worldwide) due to Sufi Saints, its entry was peaceful. This is far from the truth. We can see that in this 21st century in this age of camera phones & Internet, Islamic radicals like Boko Haram in Nigeria kidnap 300 Christian girls & sell them or forcibly convert them to Islam, or groups like ISIS sell non-Muslim girls/women as sex-slaves in the market. In Pakistan, the percentage of Hindus is already reduced from close to 20% in 1947 to less than 2% now, and in Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) from 29% in 1947 to 8.6% in 2011. (Even in India, the percentage of Hindus has reduced from 85% in 1951 to 79.8% in 2011, while the percentage of Muslims in India has increased from 9.9% in 1951 to 14.2% in 2011.) If this can happen in the 21st century in the age of mobile phones, then one can only imagine how and what it would have been in the middle ages- from 632 AD onward.
The Taliban killed 132 school-children in Peshawar in Pakistan in December 2014. After this attack, the Taliban justified this attack (unfortunately, it was right in its claim) by claiming that the act was consistent with what the Prophet Muhammad did to his enemies in his lifetime. (“At the time of the Bannu Qurayza massacre, Prophet Mohammed ordered only those children be killed whose pubic hairs have appeared,” Umar Khurasani, spokesperson for the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan said. He said the Islamic terrorists only followed sunnat (actions of Prophet Mohammed) during wars. Bannu Qurayza was a Jewish tribe that lived in present day Madina in Saudi Arabia. The report mentions Islamic texts that say nearly 800 men and boys and one woman of the tribe were beheaded. Khurasani is quoted as saying that those who consider the Peshawar massacre un-Islamic should refer to Sahih al-Bukhari. Muslims consider Bukhari’s as one of the most authentic books on what Prophet Mohammed said and did in his lifetime.)
But most Muslims are as good or as bad as most other human beings. Such brutal killings of innocent children (who were Muslims) stunned all sensible people, including most Muslims. This prompted a Muslim to write an article titled: “If Taliban are Muslims, I am not. If I am a Muslim, Taliban are not”
This person perhaps genuinely believed that the Taliban was wrong. If he understood the truth that the Taliban really did only what the Prophet did, and the Talibani interpretation was correct, he would leave Islam. The same is true for most Muslims. If they realize that history of Islam is full of murders, massacres, forcible conversions, slavery, sex-slavery, selling of women and children in markets and that this is a religion which was forced on them by misguided fanatics, they will be able to see the truth and become free from the demon of ignorance.
Without understanding the past, one can never fully understand the present. India has encountered Islam since AD 636. Unfortunately, post-Indian independence in 1947, there has been a dominance of Leftist historians in India. Marxists/ Leftists are the biggest allies of Muslims and have tried to whitewash Muslim fanaticism everywhere. They have tried to deny, or at least, reduce the atrocities done by Islamic rulers in India right from 636 AD till the end, and even today. For example, on 27 February 2002, a mob of 2000 Muslims roasted to coal 59 Hindus travelling in a train including 25 women and 15 children in Godhra, a town in India, for which 31 Muslims were convicted by court. Even such a brutal massacre was not enough to melt the heart of the Leftists who initially tried to blame the killed Hindus of imaginary ‘provocations’ and then tried to deny that Muslims had roasted the train by spreading outrageous lies like claiming it was an ‘accident’ and not a planned attack. But the real history of medieval India with its dealing with Islam is full of killings and blood.
Therefore, we make an attempt to see a brief history of Muslim attacks on India— done by foreigners. The aggressive design against India initiated in AD 636-37 by the Arabs and later on carried further by the groups from the Middle East, has been continuing intermittently for centuries. These attacks started within 14 years of the birth of Islam in AD 622, and within four years of the death of the Prophet of Islam in AD 632.
India has been bleeding from a thousand wounds. Belgium-based world famous scholar, Dr. Koenraad Elst (1959-) has written: “You wouldn’t guess it from their polished convent-school English, their trendy terminology, or their sanctimoniousness, but the likes of Romila Thapar, Irfan Habib or Gyanendra Pandey [Marxist historians in India who have indulged in negationism-denying the crimes of Islam] have blood on their hands. The wave of Muslim violence after the Ayodhya demolition [the demolition of the Babri Masjid on a sacred Hindu site in the Holy Hindu city of Ayodhya in December 1992] (and the boomerang of police repression and Shiv Sena retaliation) was at least partly due to the disinformation by supposed experts, who denied that the disputed building had a violent iconoclastic prehistory, and implied that Hindus can get away with concocted history in their attacks on innocent mosques. This disinformation gave Muslim militants the sense of justification needed to mount a ‘revenge’ operation and to mobilize decent Muslims for acts of violence, which they never would have committed if they had known the truth about Islam’s guilt in Ayodhya”. (Source: “BJP vis-à-vis Hindu Resurgence” by Dr. Koenraad Elst, Voice of India, 1997).
Many Muslims genuinely believe that Islam spread in India due to Sufi saints and that Muslim rulers were tolerant or else the whole of India would have converted to Islam. Of course, this is wrong. Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) said: “Hindu population as quoted by Farishta [1560-1620], one of the Muslim historians, was 60 crores (i.e. 600 million) in the 12th century and today [in 1899] we are only 20 crores (i.e. 200 million)”. ( Complete Works, Vol. 5, p. 233).
Well-known historian, Dr. K. S. Lal (1920-2002) has written in his book Growth of Muslim Population in India that according to his calculations, the Hindu population in India declined by 80 million from AD 1000 to AD 1525, perhaps the biggest ever holocaust in human history. This does not mean a mere 80 million killings. Some estimates put the number of Hindus killed in India as 280 million while Swami Vivekananda opined that the number was more than 400 million (Hindus reducing from 60 crores i.e. 600 million to 20 crores i.e. 200 million). The point is, many Muslims even today believe themselves as victims and deny the crimes committed by Muslims against others. For example, a shockingly large number of Muslims including well-educated, well-to-do people genuinely believe that 9/11 attacks on USA were done by Jews to make USA target Muslims, or by the USA Government itself. Same is the case with Godhra and many other cases like 26/11, where many simply deny that Islamic fanatics did these crimes and genuinely believe it.
We must quote only AUTHENTIC sources to make our point clear.
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan has compiled Indian history in 11 volumes and the project was financed by the Jawaharlal Nehru [1889-1964] Government (who no one can ever accuse of being ‘communal’) of India. The chief editor is world-famous historian, the late R.C. Majumdar (1888-1980), who was Vice-President of the International Commission set up by UNESCO for the history of mankind and is one of the most respected historians. The Volumes on Indian history are contributed by many eminent historians, including Muslim historians those from the then East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and West Pakistan. To see the past, we simply quote Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s The History and Culture of the Indian People. It is hoped that these authentic quotes make everyone (Indian Muslims and other global Muslims included) realize the truth of Islam’s spread and atrocities on Hindus.
The chronology that follows is incomplete and very cursory but indicative:
636 AD – Arabs attacked Thane, near Mumbai. 1
c. 643 – Arabs invaded Debol at the mouth of the Sindhu river 2
c. 660 – Arabs invaded Sindh [In present day Pakistan] 3
c. 661-680 – Arabs sent six expeditions against Sindh 4
661-680 – Arabs sent expeditions against Kabul and Zabul [In today’s Afghanistan] . 5
685 – The Arabs killed the king of Zabul. 6
699 – The Arabs ravaged Zabul. 7
712 – Muhammad-bin-Qasim slaughtered many Hindus, killed King Dahir [of Sindh] and captured Sindh and gave settlement to 4,000 Muslims. 8
724-738 – Arabs sent several expeditions against Gujarat, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Broach, Malava, Vallamandal, Ujjain.[In heartland India] 9
c. 739 – The Arabs invaded Kathiawar 10
776 – The Arabs sent expedition against Barda, near Porbandar [in Gujarat, birthplace of Gandhi].11
c. 948 to 963 – Alptigin of Ghazni plundered Punjab several times.12
977-997 – Subuktigin of Ghazni plundered Punjab several times and carried immense wealth and killed many Hindus and converted many Hindus of Peshawar.13 Jaipal was the king at that time.
998-1030 – Mahmud of Ghazni carried out several invasions, looted immense treasure, killed many Hindus and converted many Hindus. 14
1000 – Mahmud of Ghazni seized some parts near Peshawar.15
1001 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the kingdom of Jaipal, slaughtered many Hindus, captured Jaipal and collected 250,000 dinars and 25 elephants as ransom.16
1004 – Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Bagi Ray’s kingdom, Bhatiya, plundered Bhatiya and converted many Hindus.17
1005-6 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Anandapal; in a battle near Peshawar, Anandapal was defeated.18
1007 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Sukhapal and plundered 4,00,000 dirhams. 19
1008 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Anandapal. 20,000 Hindus were killed. Bhimnagar (=Nagarkot=Kot Kangra) was laid waste 20 and looted its treasury which consisted of 70,000,000 royal dirhams, 7,00,400 mands of gold and jewellery and precious stones; clothes and garments. 21
1009 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Narayanpur in Rajputana, broke many idols, killed many Hindus and took booty.22
1010 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Multan [in today’s Pakistan] and killed a large number of Hindus. 23
1010 – Anandapal had to agree to send Mahmud of Ghazni annually 50 big elephants laden with valuables and 2,000 men to serve the court of Ghazni. 24
1011 – Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Thaneswar, broke a large number of idols and plundered. 25
1013 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Nandana, killed many Hindus, captured booty and a host of elephants. 26
1014 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Kashmir, took many Hindus as prisoners and converted many Hindus to Islam.27
1015 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Lokhot, a hill-fort in Kashmir.28
1018 – Mahmud of Ghazni crossed the five rivers of Punjab and crossed Yamuna on 2nd December, 1018. The king of Baran (Bulandshahar) surrendered and paid 1,00,000 dirhams and 30 elephants. 29
Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Mahaban in Mathura and killed nearly 5,000 Hindus. The king Kulachand killed his wife first and then himself.30
Mahmud of Ghazni plundered Mathura [in today’s Uttar Pradesh in India] and captured idols of pure gold weighing 98,300 miskals and the idols of silver numbered 200. He ordered to burn all the temples and houses. Mathura was pillaged for 20 days. 31
Mahmud of Ghazni plundered Kanauj. King Rajyapal fled. The Hindus were slaughtered. Kanauj had 10,000 temples. The idols were destroyed.32
Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and devastated Mung, near Kanpur.
Many Hindus were killed and all valuables taken.33
Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Asni, near Fatehpur. Its ruler, Chandrapal, fled. The Hindus were slaughtered.34
1019 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and plundered Sharva, near Saharanpur. Its ruler, Chand Rai, fled. The booty of gold, silver and pearls worth 30,00,000 dirhams and many elephants were captured. A large number of Hindus were taken as slaves and sold at Iraq’s Khurasan. In January 1019, Mahmud of Ghazni returned to Ghazni with 20,000,000 dirhams, 53,000 prisoners and 350 elephants. 35
1020 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the Chandella kingdom of Vidyadhar near Yamuna. The Hindu Sahi kingdom was completely ravaged. Vidyadhar and Trilochanpal fled.36
Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and plundered Bari, the Pratihar capital. Bari was razed to the ground.37
Mahmud of Ghazni chased the Chandella King Vidyadhar. Vidyadhar fled. Mahmud of Ghazni captured a huge booty and 580 elephants. 38
1021 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Qirat and Nur and forced the Hindu rulers to embrace Islam. Their temples and idols were destroyed.39
Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Lohkot, in Kashmir.40
1021-22 – Mahmud of Ghazni again launched an attack on the Chandella Vidyadhar. Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Gwalior and Lakangara.41
1024 – Mahmud of Ghazni started to attack the Somnath temple. On the way, he ravaged Ludrava, Anahillapataka, Mundur, Dewalwara, etc. The Chalukya king, Bhim I fled. 42
1025 – He reached Somnath in January 1025. More than 50,000 Hindus were killed. The booty was worth 20,000,000 dirhams. The temple was razed to the ground.43
1027 – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Jats, killed thousands of Jats, plundered their wealth.44 He died in AD 1030.
1034 – Ahmad Niyaltigin plundered Banaras and carried away immense booty. 45
1036 – Mahmud’s son Masud attacked Hansi, Sonpat and the kingdom of Ram Rai. 46
1178 – Muhammad Ghuri attacked Gujarat and plundered Nadol. 47
1191 – Battle of Tarain. Ghuri attacked Prithviraj Chauhan [the then King of Delhi] and was routed. 48
1192 – Second battle of Tarain. He again attacked Prithviraj. One lakh [i.e. 100 thousand] Hindu soldiers lost their lives. Prithviraj was killed. Temples were demolished. Ghuri left behind his fanatic general, Qutubuddin Aibak to look after the affairs of India.49
1193 – The battle of Chandawar. Muhammad Ghuri killed Jayachandra; plundered Asni and Banaras. 50
1194 – Qutubuddin Aibak ousted Hari Raj and captured Ajmer, demolished 27 temples. 51
1195 – Muhammad Ghuri attacked Bayana and Gwalior. 52
1196 – Qutubuddin slaughtered 50,000 Rajputs and enslaved 20,000. 53
1197 – Qutubuddin invaded Gujarat. 54
1200 – Muhammad Khalji plundered Magadha; slaughtered Buddhist monks of Odantapuri Vihar. 55
1205 – Qutubuddin and Muizzuddin in the battle between Jhelum and Chenab killed Khokars and enslaved many others. 56
1233 – Iltutmish captured Bhilsa (i.e. Vidisha) & plundered Ujjain. 57
1296 – Alauddin Khalji invaded Devagiri of Maharashtra. 58
1296 to 1316 – His discriminatory regulations ruined the Hindus. 59
1305 – Alauddin invaded Malawa. 60
1309 – His general Malik Kafur invaded Warangal. 61
1310 – Pandya kingdom invaded [of South India], immense booty and 250 elephants were captured. 62
1325 to 1351 – Muhammad Tughlaq ruined Kakatiya, Yadava, Hoysala and Pandya dynasties of the South. 63
Nagaya Gauna, Harihar, Bukka were forced to embrace Islam.64 [Harihar, Bukka managed to reconvert to Hinduism later and laid the foundation of the mighty great Vijaynagar empire in South India (1336-1565 AD)]
1361 – Firoz Tughlaq slaughtered nearly one lakh [i.e. 100 thousand] Hindus near the Chilka lake. 65
1362 – Muhammad Shah defeated Telangana king, Vinayaka Deva and killed him with barbarous cruelty. 66
1458 to 1511 – Mahmud Begarha held Hindus of Gujarat in thrall. 67
1467 – He invaded and plundered Girnar. 68
1469 – He attacked Junagadh and forced Mandalika to embrace Islam. 69
1482 – Malik Sudha killed many Hindus of Champaner. 70
1483 – Mahmud Begarha plundered Champaner and killed and forcibly converted Hindus. 71
1527 – Babur defeated Rana Sangram and killed him and Rajputs. 72
1528 – Babur defeated Medini Rai, killed Hindus in Chanderi [Bihar]. 73
1565 – In Talikota, alliance of four Muslim kings defeated Vijaynagar king, Rama Raya and thousands of Hindus were killed. Within hours, the prosperous city of Vijaynagar was in ruins. 74
1568 – The battle of Chittor: Akbar defeated the Rajputs and ordered massacre of 30,000 non-combatant Hindus.75
1663 – The Bijapur Sultan plundered Tirucherapalli [in Tamil Nadu]. 76
1665 – Aurangazeb imposed taxes on Hindu traders. 77
1669 – He ordered demolition of schools and temples of Hindus. Many temples were demolished, including Kashi, Mathura and Patan Somnath. 78
1679 – Aurangazeb reimposed jizyah tax on Hindus. Unable to pay this tax, many Hindus converted to Islam. 79
1704 – Fifth attack on Anandpur by Vazir Khan. Guru Govind Singh’s mother, brothers, followers were killed; his two sons aged 9 and 11 were bricked up alive in a fort wall and then beheaded because they refused to embrace Islam on 27th December, 1704. 80
1708 – Two Pathan Muslims stabbed Guru Govind Singh, he died soon. 81
1715 – On Farukh-Siyar’s orders, Abdur Samad Khan geared up to vanquish Sikh leader, Banda. Many Sikhs were massacred. 82
1716 – Banda was brutally killed (details too horrific). 83
1739 – Nadir Shah of Persia entered Delhi. People of Delhi suffered terrible horrors.Their property looted, houses burnt, womenfolk raped, the men slaughtered. Three to four lakhs [i.e. 300 to 400 thousand] were killed, treasure worth 50 crores [i.e. Rupees 500 million of those days] was plundered. 84
1748 – Ahmad Shah Abdali’s first invasion of India. 85
1750 – His second invasion of India. 86
1751 – His third invasion of India. 87
1756 – His fourth invasion of India. 88
1759 – His fifth invasion of India. 89
1761 – His sixth invasion of India and the Third Battle of Panipat (on 14th January, 1761), in which the Hindus were crushed. Women were distributed among the soldiers of Abdali & taken to Afghanistan. 90
1764 – His seventh invasion of India. 91
1767 – His eighth invasion of India. 92
All these were foreigners’ attacks on India. But even after the end of the foreign Muslim rule and during the British rule, there were numerous riots between Hindus and Muslims in India. In many of these riots before 1947, Hindus suffered far more than Muslims. Even Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) had to acknowledge this. He said:
“There is no doubt in my mind that in the majority of quarrels the Hindus come out second best. But my own experience confirms the opinion that the Mussalman as a rule is a bully, and the Hindu as a rule is a coward. I have noticed this in railway trains, on public roads, and in the quarrels which I had the privilege of settling. Need the Hindu blame the Mussalman for his cowardice? Where there are cowards, there will always be bullies… But I, as a Hindu, am more ashamed of Hindu cowardice than I am angry at the Mussalman bullying… “(Source:“Hindu-Muslim Tension: Its Cause and Cure“, Young India, 29/5/1924; reproduced in M.K. Gandhi: The Hindu-Muslim Unity, p.35-36. )
In 1921, in Malabar [in Kerala in South India], Moplahs committed horrible atrocities on Hindus; thousands were killed and thousands converted. 93
In 1926, Swami Shraddhananda was murdered by a man named Abdul Rashid. 94
And in 1946, on 16th August was the Direct Action Day of the Muslim League, and this saw the great Calcutta killings. 95
At the same time, horrible Naokhali riots were also seen. 96
The past is never ever far from the present. Hindus suffered horribly at the hands of foreigners for many centuries. This is just a brief summary. The horrid, lurid details of these events will make one’s hair stand on end.
NOTES AND REFERENCES
- R.C. Majumdar, The History and Culture of the Indian People , Vol. 3, p. 167.
2 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 169.
3 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 169.
4 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 169.
5 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 167 .
6 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 168.
7 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 168.
8 Ibid., Vol. 3, p. 170.
9 Ibid., Vol. 3, pp. 172-73.
10 Ibid., Vol. 4, p. 99.
11 Ibid., Vol. 4, p. 99.
12 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 2.
13 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 2-5.
14 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 5-22.
15 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 6.
16 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 6.
17 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 7.
18 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 8.
19 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 8.
21 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 8-9.
22 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 10.
23 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 10.
24 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 10.
25 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 10.
26 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 11.
27 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 12.
28 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 12
29 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 13
30 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 13-14.
31 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 14.
32 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 14.
33 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 15.
34 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 15.
35 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 15.
36 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 16.
37 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 17.
38 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 17-18.
39 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 18.
40 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 18.
41 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 18.
42 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 19.
43 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 20.
44 Ibid., Vol. 5, pp. 21-22.
45 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 61.
46 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 93.
47 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 78.
48 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 110.
49 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 112.
50 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 54.
51 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 120.
52 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 120.
53 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 121.
54 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 188.
55 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 123.
56 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 124.
57 Ibid., Vol. 5, p. 71.
58 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 15-16.
59 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 23-25.
60 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 29.
61 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 33-34.
62 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 35-36.
63 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 63.
64 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 76-77.
65 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 92-93.
66 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 252.
67 Ibid., Vol. 6, pp. 162-166.
68 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 163.
69 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 163.
70 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 164.
71 Ibid., Vol. 6, p. 165.
72 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 36.
73 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 37.
74 Ibid., Vol. 7, pp. 414-415.
75 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 334.
76 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 460.
77 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 235.
78 Ibid., Vol. 7, p. 235.
79 Ibid., Vol. 7, p 235.
80 Ibid., Vol. 7, p3 21.
81 Ibid., Vol. 7, pp. 322-323.
82 Ibid.Vol. 8, p. 127.
83 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 127.
84 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 93.
85 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 123.
86 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 124.
87 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 124.
88 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 124.
89 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 125.
90 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 125.
91 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 125.
92 Ibid., Vol. 8, p. 125.
93 Ibid., Vol. 11, pp. 360-361.
94 Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 436.
95 Ibid., Vol. 11, p. 748.
96 J.B. Kripalani, Gandhi, p. 254