is worse than Killing
Jihad involves killing and shedding the blood of men, Allah indicated
that these men
are committing disbelief in Allah, associating with Him (in the worship)
and hindering from His path, and this is a much greater evil and more
disastrous than killing.
Abu Malik commented about what Allah said:
Al-Fitnah is worse than killing.) Meaning what
you (disbelievers) are committing is much worse than killing.''
Abu Al-`Aliyah, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Qatadah,
Ad-Dahhak and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that what Allah said:
Al-Fitnah is worse than killing.) "Shirk
(polytheism) is worse than killing.''
fight not with them at Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the sanctuary at Makkah))
is reported in the Two Sahihs that the Prophet said:
has made this city a sanctuary since the day He created the heavens and
the earth. So, it is a sanctuary by Allah's decree till the Day of
in it was made legal for me only for an hour in the daytime.
So, it (i.e., Makkah) is a sanctuary, by Allah's decree, from now on
until the Day of Resurrection. Its trees should not be cut, and its
grass should not be uprooted. If anyone mentions the fighting in it that
occurred by Allah's Messenger, then say that Allah allowed His
Messenger, but did not allow you.)
this Hadith, Allah's Messenger mentions fighting the people of Makkah when
he conquered it by force, leading to some deaths among the polytheists
in the area of the Khandamah. This occurred after the Prophet
closed his door is safe. Whoever entered the (Sacred) Mosque is safe.
Whoever entered the house of Abu Sufyan is also safe.)
they (first) fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them.
Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.)
states: `Do not fight them in the area of the Sacred Mosque unless they
start fighting you in it. In this case, you are allowed to fight them
and kill them to stop their aggression.' Hence, Allah's Messenger took
the pledge from his Companions under the tree (in the area of Al-Hudaybiyyah)
to fight (the polytheists), after the tribes of Quraysh and their
allies, Thaqif and other groups, collaborated against the Muslims (to
stop them from entering Makkah to visit the Sacred House). Then, Allah
stopped the fighting before it started between them and said:
He it is Who has withheld their hands from you and your hands from them
in the midst of Makkah, after He had made you victors over them.)
there not been believing men and believing women whom you did not know,
that you may kill them and on whose account a sin would have been
committed by you without (your) knowledge, that Allah might bring into
His mercy whom He wills ـ
if they (the believers and the disbelievers) had been apart, We verily,
would have punished those of them who disbelieved with painful torment.)
if they cease, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) which means,
`If they (polytheists) cease fighting you in the Sacred Area, and come
to Islam and repent, then Allah will forgive them their sins, even if
they had before killed Muslims in Allah's Sacred Area.' Indeed, Allah's
forgiveness encompasses every sin, whatever its enormity, when the
sinner repents it.
then commanded fighting the disbelievers when He said:
there is no more Fitnah) meaning, Shirk. This is the opinion of Ibn `Abbas,
Abu Al-`Aliyah, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi`, Muqatil bin Hayyan,
As-Suddi and Zayd bin Aslam.
the religion (all and every kind of worship) is for Allah (Alone).)
means, `So that the religion of Allah becomes dominant above all other
addition, it is reported in the Two Sahihs:
have been ordered (by Allah) to fight the people until they proclaim,
`None has the right to be worshipped but Allah'.
Whoever said it, then he will save his life and property from me, except
for cases of the law, and their account will be with Allah.)
if they cease, let there be no transgression except against the
wrongdoers.) indicates that, `If they stop their Shirk and fighting the
believers, then cease warfare against them. Whoever fights them
afterwards will be committing an injustice. Verily aggression can only
be started against the unjust.' This is the meaning of Mujahid's
statement that only combatants should be fought. Or, the meaning of the
Ayah indicates that, `If
they abandon their injustice, which is Shirk
in this case, then do not start aggression against them afterwards.' The
aggression here means retaliating and fighting them, just as Allah said:
whoever transgresses against you, you transgress likewise against him.)
and Qatadah stated, "The unjust person is he who refuses to
proclaim, `There is no God worthy of worship except Allah'.''