Allah The Moon God of Ancient Arab Pagan?
Syed Kamran Mirza
impartial logic, well versed references and all available circumstantial
judgments can very well prove that—(a)
Allah name of deity was pre-existed much before the arrival of Islam, (b)
Pre-Islamic Pagan peoples worshipped Allah as
their supreme deity (moon-god). Allah’s name existed in pre-Islamic
Arab. In ancient Arab the Allah was considered to be the supreme God/deity
(as Moon-God) and Arab Pagans worshipped Allah before Islam arrived.
Let us examine below some valid questions and answers :
Did the Pagan Arabs in
pre-Islamic times worship 360 gods? Yes
Did the pagans Arabs worship
the sun, moon and the stars? Yes
Did the Arabs built temples
to the Moon-god? Yes
different Arab tribes give the Moon-god different names/titles? Yes
What were some of the
names/titles? Sin, Hubul, Ilumquh, Al-ilah.
Was the title “al-ilah”
(the god) used as the Moon-god? Yes
Was the word “Allah”
derived from “al-ilah?” Yes
Was the pagan “Allah” a
high god in a pantheon of deities? Yes.
Was he worshipped at the
Was Allah only one of many
Meccan gods? Yes
Did they place a statue of
Hubul on top of the Kabah? Yes.
At that time was Hubul
considered the Moon-god? Yes.
Was the Kabah thus the
“house of the Moon-god”? Yes.
Did the name “Allah”
eventually replace that of Hubul as the name of the Moon god? Yes.
Did they call the Kabah the
“house of Allah”? Yes.
Were al-Lat, al-Uzza and
Manat called “the daughters of Allah”? Yes.
Yusuf Ali explains in fn.
5096, pg. 1445, that Lat, Uzza and Manat were known as “the daughters of
Did the Qur’an at one
point tell Muslims to worship al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat? Yes. In Surah
Have those verses been
“abrogated” out of the present Qur’an? Yes.
What were they called? “The
variable names (Sin, Hubul, llumquh, Al-ilah) of moon god were used by
various tribes of pagan Arabs. Pagan god SIN was the name of Moon-god.
is actually Allah?
According to Islamic
Theologians (Mullahs, Maulana, Moulavis, etc.), or Islamic teachings--
Allah is the supreme God or creator who (suddenly one day?) talked or
introduced Himself with Prophet Muhammad through an Angel named Gabriel,
disclosing the truth that it is the Allah who created everything in the
universe. Surprisingly, Qur’an never defines the word “Allah” as to
who actually Allah was or what was the relation of Allah with pagans.
I believe, 99% percent of Muslims do believe that—Allah’s name
was invented or started right from the time when Gabriel disclosed the
truth (?) to Prophet Muhammad in the cave of Hira Parvat (Mountain) and
gave Muhammad the Quran. They believe that before this truth was
revealed—pagan Arabs were in the total darkness (Andhakar
Zuug) and they used to worship various puppet goddess and that the
pagans were very evil people. I
can bet on this fact that no mullahs ever told us the real truth, neither
they believe this clean truth that “Allah” was in fact a pre-existing
deity in pagan Arabia. What a hypocrisy?
Some important factors
which will suggest that the name“Allah” was already in use by Pagans
as their chief God/deity:
(A) In pre-Islamic days,
that Muslims call the Days of ignorance, the religious background of the
Arabs was pagan, and basically animistic.
Through Moon, Sun, Stars, Planets, Animals, wells, trees, stones,
caves, springs, and other natural objects man could make contact with the
deity. At Mekka, “Allah” was the chief of the gods
and the special deity of the Quraish, the prophet’s tribe. Allah had
three daughters: Al Uzzah (Venus) most revered of all and pleased with
human sacrifice; Manah, the goddess of destiny, and Al Lat, the goddess of
vegetable life. These three
daughters of Allah (there is a Quranic verse about them) were considered
very powerful over all things. Therefore, their intercessions on behalf of
their worshippers were of great significance.
(B) Arabs used to give their
children names such as—Abdullah (slave of Allah). Clean proof was the
fact that, Muhammad’s father’s name was “Abdullah”. Logical
analogy here is—had there been no “Allah” in pre-Islamic Arab, there
could be no Abdullah or slave of Allah in Arabia.
(C) Even today, in the
entire Arab World, not only Muslims but all other non-Muslim
(Jews, Christians, Sabians, Bahai, an atheist etc.) Arabs
says—“Ya Allah” as the expression of surprise or unhappiness/sorrow.
(D). Albert Hourani’s
statement: “The Islamic name used for God was “Allah”, which was
already in use for one of the local Gods (it now used by Arabic-speaking
Jews and Christians as the name of God (A history Of Arab people by Albert
Hourani, 1991, page-16, Belknap press of Harvard University, USA)
History tells us two
theories of Allah’s existence in and around the Kaba Sharif: (1)
Pagans used to call the largest Statue amongst the 360 deities as ALLAH—whom
they used to consider the chief/supreme deity (god). Or, (2) Pagan Arabs
used to worship 360 deities inside Kaba Sharif, and they used to consider
them different smaller deities under the total control of a single most
powerful chief deity called “ALLAH”
who was invisible (Nirakar) and was the all-powerful, all-knowing, and
Similarities with Hindu Religion:
In India’s Hindu religion
is quite similar to the number two theory (above) of pagan belief.
Although, Hindus worship many different Goddesses—they invariably have
faith upon a single supreme invisible deity called “Bhagaban”
(some call it “Ischhaar”) whom they call “Nirakar”. And,
surprisingly there is no sculptural image/figure for this Bhagaban. But
all Hindus worship Him along with other numerous deities. This Bhagaban is
considered as the lord of all other deities. What
would happen—if some intelligent prophet would have asked Hindus to give
up worshipping other goddesses and keeping only Bhagaban as their only
deity making it a monotheist religion just like Islam? Could it not be
another religion like Islam?
Now some factors which
will suggest “Allah” was the Moon-god of Arab pagans:
In Qura’n there are at least a dozen verses in which Allah
repeatedly swears by the names such as moon, sun, stars, planets, night,
wind etc. It is a mystery why the creator Allah (?) should swear by his
creations. Normally, we swear
by the name of something much superior to us, such as we swear by God or
by the name of our father (who is considered senior or superior to us).
But we never swear by the name of something inferior to us. Here in the
Quran swearing fashions of Allah (God) by moon or stars hinting us that
Allah considered these things superior to himself. And this makes us to
think (otherwise) as to who actually acted as Allah in Quran? However, in
his explanation of why the Qur’an swears by the moon in Surah 74:32,
“Nay, verily by the Moon,” Yusuf Alli comments, “The
moon was worshipped as a deity
in times of darkness”(fn. 5798, pg. 1644). Perhaps, this swearing of
Allah was due to the usual/cultural habits of worshipping moon as their
God in pagan customs.
(B) Yousuf Ali stated (Page-1921-1623 of his English Translation of Holy
was equally popular in various forms………Apollo and Diana—the twin
brother and sister, representing the sun and moon. …in the Vedic
religion of India the moon god was Soma, the lord of the
planets…….moon was male divinity in ancient India. Moon was also male
divinity in ancient Semitic religion, and the Arabic word for the moon
“qamar’ is of the masculine gender, on the other hand, the Arabic word
for sun “shams” is feminine gender. The pagan Arabs evidently looked
upon the sun as a goddess and the
moon as a God.
Pagan deities best known in the Ka’ba and round about Mecca were Lat,
Uzza, and Manat.…the 360 idols established by the Pagans in the Ka’ba
probably represented the 360 days of an inaccurate solar year. This was
the actual modern pagan worship as known to the Quraish contemporary with
Influence of Moon in Islam:
can deny the paramount influences of moon in Muslim’s life? In Islam,
moon is considered holiest astronomical object, and moon is the guiding
light of all Islamic rituals/festivals. Contradictions and conflicts are
very common with the dates of Eids and Ramadan and obviously it is a
chronic problem and moon is the nucleus of this problem. Crescent moon and
stars are the symbolic sign in the national flags of many Muslim
countries, and it is present over the Mosques, in the Muslim graveyard
Prophet Muhammad compromised to Pagans to
establish Islam in Arabia:
Muhammad did his clever tactics of adapting many rites of paganism into
Islam, in order to accommodate Islam among the pagan Arabs. He made lots
of political pacts with the Pagan Leaders such as Abu Suffian to
accommodate his new idea of religion and he agreed to incorporate many of
the Pagan rituals in Islam. Prophet Muhammad asked the pagans to worship
only the “Allah” the largest God,
destroy the idols of all other gods and goddesses that existed in Kabah.
To establish oneness (monotheist) of God, he repeatedly asked them not to
make any partners to Allah (That is
why we can find hundreds of Quranic verses “asking not to make any
partners to Allah). Finally, the
Prophet was able to convince (by force of course) the pagans to destroy
all idols, and on return (he) agreed (perhaps) to keep the “Names” of
the goddess of most famous Pagan tribes as the alternative names of
Allah—hence Islam has 99 NAMES of Allah.
Muhammad did command his followers to participate in these pagan
ceremonies while the pagans were still in control of Mecca. (Please See
Yusuf Ali, fn. 214, pg. 78). ... “the
whole of the [pagan] pilgrimage was spiritualized
in Islam...” (Yusuf Ali: fn. 223 pg. 80).
In the Tafsir (of Quran-2:200) maoulana Yousuf Ali stated:
“After Pilgrimage, in Pagan times, the pilgrims used to gather in
assemblies in which the praises of ancestors were sung. As the whole of the pilgrimage rites were spiritualized in Islam, so
this aftermath of the Pilgrimage was also spiritualized. It was
recommended for pilgrims to stay on two or three days after the
pilgrimage, but they must use them in prayer and praise to God.(#223 of
Shane’nazul by Maoulana Yousuf Ali, page-81)
In Islam many
rituals performed (today) by devoted Muslims in the name of Allah are
connected to the pagan worship that existed before Islam. Pagans
practices of the Pilgrimage of Kabah once a year--the Fast of Ramadan,
running around the Kabah seven times, kissing the black stone, shaving the
head, animal sacrifices, running up and down two hills, throwing stones at
the devil, snorting water in and out the nose, praying several times a day
toward Mecca, giving alms, Friday prayers, etc. are strictly followed by
Muslims today. Nobody can deny the fact that, all the above rituals of
Muslim’s hajj today—existed well before the arrival of Islam.
is highly plausible to consider the fact that by incorporating much of the
Pagan’s rituals in new religion Islam—Prophet successfully reduced the
pagan-risk and it was perhaps one of the most important milestone-attempts
to conquer the minds of Pagans resulting in massive breakdown of the
Pagans’ moral and support to oppose Islam.
central shrine at Mekka was the Pagan’s Kaaba (called
House of Allah), a cube like stone structure which still stands though
many times rebuilt. Imbedded in one corner is the black stone, probably
a meteorite, the kissing of which is now an essential part of the
is the historical fact that the Ka’aba, the sacred shrine which contains
the Black Stone, in Mecca was used for pagan idol worship before Islam and
even called the House of Allah at that time. The name of the God whom the
Arabs worshipped was the god of pantheon—Ali-ilah
the god, the supreme, the predeterminer of everybody’s life or
destiny—the chief God “Allah”
did not read the story of BLACK
STONE which was very sacred (povitra)
to all various tribes of Quraish. When one day this sacred stone was
needed to transfer from one place to another, there was a quarrel amongst
the various tribes, as to who will carry that sacred stone? Then most
intelligent and righteous young boy Muhammad (was not a prophet then)
invented the solution of this serious problem. He (Muhammad) put this
sacred stone over a Chaddor (piece of cloth) and asked one representative
from each tribe to hold the Chaddor and carry the stone. I narrated this
story briefly just to prove that—black stone did exist long before Islam
summary, it has been truthfully and logically proven with all possible
available circumstantial evidences/rational that, Islam was not a new
religion but it is a reformed paganism. I believe thatall these
monotheistic religions have more or less similar origins. This idea of
monotheistic religion was not a brand new invention. Monotheistic thought
was declared by Ancient Pharaoh Kings, Mesopotamia’s king Hamarubi (3000
B.C.), and Alexander the Great (300 B.C.). Differences were, these kings
demanded that they themselves were the God whom everybody should worship.
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