, March, A.D. 627.
Ibn Akhtab the chief of the Bani Nadir, whose tribe was banished from
their ancestral town and whose properties confiscates, visited the Meccans
and other tribes warning them of what is awaiting them. Many of these
tribes were already victims of Muhammad’s marauding army and had lost
men and property to this new religion. Several clans of Ghatafan, Bani
Ashja, Murra, Bani Fezara, Bani Sulaim, Bani Sa’d and Bani Asad came
together, each contributing with warring men and they all joined the
Quraish who also contributed four thousand soldiers, including three
hundred horses, and fifteen hundred riders upon camels, into the field. In
total an army of ten thousand men thus came under the general leadership
of Abu Sofian. The leadership of the army was alternated among the chiefs
of the confederates.
was forewarned of this preparation and not knowing what to do, he sought
the advice of Salman the Persian, who was familiar with the mode in which
camps and cities were defended in other countries. It is interesting to
note that Muhammad’s God who would come to his help anytime he needed to
breach a social and ethical rule, e.g. to marry a new woman or to sleep
with his daughter in law or a slave girl, or would always inform him that
his opponents are about to beach their term of the agreement so he should
raid them preemptively, was often silent when it came to matters of
importance were a knowledge beyond Muhammad’s personal experience was
required. Salman was a Christian slave of a Jew. This opportunist man
professed his faith in Islam so he could be ransomed by the Muslims.
suggested entrenching the town, a stratagem hitherto unknown in
. For a considerable distance, the stone houses of
were built so compactly together that, they presented a high and nearly
unbroken wall, of itself a sufficient protection. These walls were then
connected with a deep ditch and a rude earthen dyke. Muhammad himself took
part in these works encouraging his men by chanting to them verses that he
claimed were revelations and promising them victory.
the sentiment of victimization is what Islam thrives upon. This attack on
the Muslims gave an excellent opportunity for Muhammad to foster this
sentiment. He completely neglected that the invaders had gathered to
retaliate for all his lootings, assassinations and senseless wars.
to this day Muslims feel that it is perfectly justifiable to kill the
non-Muslims, through terrorist activities to advance their religion and
make Islam dominant but if their victims rise to retaliate they claim to
be victimized for their faith.
six days, the trench was finished, and the three thousand men of
, stood behind it. The enemy arrived and formed their several camps in
front of the Muslim army with the trench in between them. The Meccans
surprised by this new tactic and unable to cross the ditch contented
themselves for sometime with a distant discharge of archery.
Ibn Akhtab visited the fortress of the Jews of Bani Quraizah and sought
their allegiance. He reminded them of what happened to the other two
Jewish tribes and warned them of their own fate if Muhammad is not
defeated. The Bani Quraizah at first were reluctant to associate
themselves with the Meccans for the fear that should they retreat,
Muhammad would crush them mercilessly. But they finally agreed as it was
obvious to them that as long as they remain faithful to their Judaic
beliefs, they are not going to have peace if the new religion becomes
they agreed to assist the Meccan army. According to a tradition Muhammad
sent Hudhaifa, to spy the camp of the Meccans and he overheard of
the news. Thereupon Muhammad sent Sa’d ibn Muadh and Sa’d ibn Ubada,
two chiefs of the Aus and Khazraj, to ascertain the truth of the report.
The Bani Quraizah received these men coldly and in a sullen mood. The two
messengers reported to Muhammad that the temper of the Jews was even worse
than he had feared.
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