to Allah’s narrative, Iblis was upset with His order of expulsion, and
he protested loudly. Pleading his innocence, he accused Allah of putting
him in the wrong way
and doing him injustice. Since Iblis did not have the ability to retaliate
against Allah’s might, he asked him, instead, to grant him power to
misguide and disorient mankind on earth by making wrong seem right and
Allah could not refute Iblis’s accusation; rather, to appease him, He
conceded to his demand with confidence that Iblis would be able to
exercise his authority only over those human beings who would become his
with his covenant with Allah, Iblis, also known as Satan, descended on
earth to take revenge on the human race for injustice done to him by
Allah, his creator. Here, he multiplied his race with his progeny,
joined by a mysterious female Jinn from nowhere, with the frightening
result that he and his issues can wreak havoc on any human being they
chose for the purpose.
this stage, we again need to reflect briefly on the concept of
predestination as propounded by Allah, and also on the so-called
“Universal Plan” that He is supposed to have conceived for the Planet
Earth and its inhabitants. We are told that before the birth of a child,
his destiny is predetermined. Whatever Allah willed for him or her, he or
she would have to live with that Will throughout his or her entire life.
If a child were predestined to follow Satan, he would have to do so,
because, we are told, nobody can ever go against Allah’s Will.
Therefore, in a situation where a person is predisposed to the commission
of sins, one may wonder, what role Satan can play in such a person’s
are further told by Allah that before the inception of the universe, He
had planned to have the earth inhabited by the human race, together with
all faunas and floras. To execute His scheme, He had prepared the earth to
be hospitable to its occupants. For this purpose, He needed to send down
to it a pair of human beings, as well as pairs of all animals so that the
earth could be replete with their respective procreation. Of course, Allah
could have created all beings in the same fashion, in which He had created
Adam and his wife in heaven, but in keeping with His Universal Plan, He
chose to create them, instead, on earth itself. It is on account of the
successful fruition of His Universal Plan that we find ourselves on earth
on which, we must live till the end of our lives, braving multiple of weal
and woes as He determined for us at the time of our creation.
travails do not end with our death. We will be confronted in our grave by
angels, and if we fail to satisfy them with answers to their questions, we
will be subjected to various torments, which will continue up to the time
of our resurrection on the Day of Judgment.
claim that the first man that Allah created was Muhammad. Having created
him in His own image, Allah preserved his soul in the felicity of
. When his presence on earth became necessary, he arrived in the form of a
human being, having been given birth to naturally by a woman, his mother.
By sending him to earth, both as a Prophet and an Apostle, Allah achieved
the ultimate goal that He had conceived before creating the Universe. With
what material Muhammad was created, however, has never been divulged.
now turn to the expulsion of Adam, his wife and Iblis from
. Allah did not tell us when and where on earth the three had landed. The
Bible, however, says that Adam was placed at the east of the Garden of
Neither the Bible nor the Quran says where his wife, Eve, was deposited on
earth. Some Muslim commentators, however, surmise that she had descended
, and after wandering all over the earth for an unknown period of time,
she found Adam at the plains of Arafat, in
. Muslim pilgrims now congregate at Arafat every year to commemorate the
union of our original parents.
was never married to Adam, though they are claimed to have been Muslims
from the time of their creation.
Allah did not tell us how and with which material Adam’s wife was
fashioned. The Bible, of course, has described the process of her creation
and the material with which she was formed into a human being.
episode, which took place in heaven and which involved Adam, his wife and
Iblis was in accordance with Allah’s scheme. He needed to send those
humans to earth, but He could not do so without placing some kind of blame
on their shoulders so that He could rule over them with ease. In His game
plan, Iblis was used as a tool. Allah deceitfully involved him in two
pre-conceived acts of disobedience, thus facilitating Adam and his
wife’s expulsion from heaven. It was through this process that Allah had
been able to materialize an important part of His Universal Plan.
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